Teenage pregnancy is an alarming feature in a traditional country like India. Though we have made several striking embellishments in many areas, there are certain things that pull us down, one of which is certainly teenage pregnancy. We already have a lot of reasons for the same like child marriage, rape and lack of proper sex education. But today child marriages are low, though not completely eradicated and modern teens believe that they have more than enough information regarding sex. Then why does this happen?
The major reasons that lead to teenage pregnancy
- Teens of the present day live in a magical world where they have access to whatever they want.
- They are easily carried away by the modern trends and find it no problem to have sex at an early age.
- They adore movie celebrities and what they do on screen and imitating them is considered ‘kool’.
- Dating is emerging to be an obligatory custom and having sex is regarded as the crucial part of it.
- It has been observed that most of the boys develop unwanted behaviors like smoking, drinking and drug abuse at their teenage, which prompt them to navigate unknown paths.
- Family conflicts, peer pressure, internal conflicts as a result of stress, depression, anxiety and deviated behavior are also strong reasons that ultimately lead to teenage pregnancy.
But the strongest reason is yet to come. It is financial crisis.
Some teenage girls feel that sexual intercourse is a good solution to meet all their financial constraints.
But due to the lack of adequate sex education they end up in trouble. They may be well aware that unprotected sex can make them pregnant but they simply think nothing would happen. The worst thing is that sometimes the girl won’t even know that she is pregnant, until during the later stages of pregnancy.
Teenage pregnancy gives rise to a bunch of annoying problems of which the most critical is the attitude of the society towards the teen mother and her family. A society which is conservative can never approve of such complications. This added with the neglect and scorn of the family creates a lot of physical and emotional troubles in the teen mother. The resultant isolation combined with guilt feeling can instill low self esteem and depression, not to mention the chronic emotional trauma.
Furthermore the girls who become mothers at an early age will have to face a multitude of health issues and several other difficulties related to pregnancy and delivery like anemia, genital infections that may be the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases, high blood pressure and premature delivery. Prenatal risk is also very high in teen mothers. The babies born are also prone to premature birth, trauma, infections and inappropriate body weight.
Repeated contraceptive counseling is a recommended solution. This would help a great deal to put a check on unwanted pregnancy since it makes them aware of contraceptive measures during sexual intercourse. But still the most important way to handle the situation is adequate sex education so that they themselves can sense the magnitude of the predicament and take steps to refrain from it.