Sleep is a regular and important part of ones life and plays significant role in balancing ones physical and emotional aspects of life. After all the hustle of a day’s work we all wish for a night’s sound sleep. When our act of sleeping gets disturbed it shows off in many ways. We won’t be able to work or even focus properly. When ones pattern of normal sleep is disrupted seriously, it can be the indication of a sleep disorder.
Not being able to sleep comfortably for one or two days doesn’t mean that your have a disorder (snoring and sleep talking are not disorders as well). It is natural for a person to lose his sleep when he is anxious or nervous. But when it has severe implications on your life, its time to consult a doctor.
Common sleep disorders
Some of the common sleep disorders are
- Insomnia – this is a condition in which the person finds it very difficult to fall asleep or continue sleeping. Lack of sleep gradually brings about a lot of physical and mental problems.
- Sleep Apnea- this is a rare condition in which the person tends to stop the breathing process during his sleep. This in turn affects the blood oxygen levels of the victim, sometimes to an extent of restricted blood supply to the brain.
- Parasomnia- this consists of a bunch of sleep disorders that has diverse manifestations on the normal life of the person. The disorders that fall in this category are ‘Bruxism’ or teeth clenching, ‘Sleep enuresis’ or bed wetting while sleeping, ‘Sleep terrors’ or nightmares, ‘Somnambulism’ or sleep walking and ‘Somniloquy’ or sleep talking.
- Restless leg syndrome- here the person has an uncontrollable tendency to move his legs which prevents him from falling into sleep. This can also be the indication of diabetes or iron deficiency.
- Sleep paralysis- just as the name, the person feels like being paralyzed and would find it difficult to get up even when awake, owing to the inability to move. Usually the situation lasts only for a few minutes but can be really horrifying.
- Nocturia- a person in this condition will feel like going to the bathroom for urinating, for ‘countless’ number of times. This prohibits from sleeping for a long time.
- Somniphobia- this is a severe situation in which the person tries his best not to sleep at all, since he feels sleep to be a fearsome activity that could bring danger to him.
Causes and treatment
As ever, anxiety, anger, stress and depression play a major role in disrupting a person’s sleep. Other than these, certain medications, hormonal variations, diseases, injuries and external disturbances can kill sleep to a great extent. A change in the lifestyle and food habits can normally foster good sleep. Learning to manage stress and anxiety through yoga and other physical exercises can be beneficial too. But resorting to self-medication from the very beginning can be extremely harmful. If things go beyond your control and knowledge, consult a doctor for treating your disorder.